What is Git?

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Software development can often be a strenuous and daunting task especially when working with large group of individuals on a team project. Distributing the code between individuals and making sure that the code maintains its integrity like an almost impossible task. That is exactly why Git was invented.

Git is a software distribution system and source code management program that allows the workflow to be easily controlled from a central service. People working on projects with the code are allowed to pull the source material from the program, work on it, and then upload it back to the master branch so that others are able to edit it further. Git features a centralized workflow which means that every developer on the project is able to have their own local copy of the program. This allows the programmer to have an isolated environment to make changes to without worrying about messing up the changes someone else is working on.

Another advantage to using Git to manage your workflow is the ability to create & merge changes into the master branch very easily. When you create a new branch on the project you are working in, you essentially create a copy of the master branch. You can then add changes on your new branch, and if they are good enough, merge your branch with the master branch. Read more about branching here.

The Git workflow streamlines the cycle of releases by using branches that are isolated for development in features. Git implements a very easy to use branching system that categorizes releases separate from development builds. This allows for the developers to easily distinguish between landmark releases and behind the scenes builds that should only be seen by the people working on the project and not the general public.

Forking is another advantage of using Git to help manage and distribute the workflow among the programmers working on the project. Forking allows each person contributing to the project a server-side repository to store their work. Contributions can be integrated without needing everyone to push to a single repository. The developers simply push to their own server-side repository and then the project maintainer pushes to the official repository. This offers a level of security in that the maintainer of the master branch can accept the commits from the programmers without giving them access to the official master code.

When someone needs to work on the code they simply use a pull request from Git. A pull request pulls a branch from your repository into their repository. A pull request with Git allows developers to quickly and easily review new features or fix bugs while providing a notification for why they are pulling the software. Once the bug is fixed or the feature is added, the programmer can simply add the changes back into the master branch.

Git is a fantastic service that can greatly increase the efficiency of workers on large software projects. With its wide range of services to help organize projects, Git gives developers the tools they need to succeed. Git makes programming with large groups of people easy and simple while also providing a centralized hub for master releases.

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